Women who've made an impact in the world of racing
On the occasion of International Women's Day, we take a look at women - from the current crop as well as from the past - who have, in their own way, made their mark in various disciplines of motorsport.
On two wheels:
Possibly one of the most prominent names in motorcycle racing at the moment, and with good reason too, Ana Carrasco is the reigning World Supersport 300 Champion. Carrasco began riding a mini moto at the age of three. Once she began racing, she rapidly rose through the ranks, moving to the FIM CEV International Championship in 2011, where she became the first woman to score championship points in the series. Carrasco also became the first woman to score points in the Moto3 World Championship in 2013.
The first female rider to win a solo motorcycle world championship title - Ana Carrasco
After a couple of difficult seasons, where sponsorship issues and injuries plagued her, including a tough season in the 2016 FIM CEV Moto2 European Championship, Carrasco switched to the World Supersport 300 Championship in 2017. She became the first woman to win an individual world championship motorcycle race, when she finished first at the Algarve International Circuit that year. In 2018, Carrasco had a strong season with the DS Junior team, entering the season finale at Magny Cours with a 10-point advantage over her nearest rival. It was a difficult race, but a 13th place finish in that race ensured that she took home the championship title, becoming the first female rider to win a solo world championship title on two wheels. In 2019, Carrasco will race for the Provec Racing team.
Laia Sanz has 13 Women's World Trail Championship titles under her belt. She's also won the Women's Trial European Championship 10 times, won the Women's Trial Spanish Championship eight times, and since 2011, has become a regular face at the Dakar.
KTM Factory Racing's Laia Sanz finished 11th overall at the 2019 Dakar Rally
In 2015, Sanz finished ninth overall at the Dakar - her best performance at the event to date. And in 2019, despite the fact that she hadn't been on a motorcycle in several months, having suffered a bout of Q fever, the KTM Factory Racing rider managed to finish a strong 11th overall. We'd like to see her break into the top 10 again soon. Maybe even on the podium, or winning the Dakar overall someday too!
While we're on the subject of the Dakar Rally, we'd also like to mention that Anastasiya Nifontova became the first woman to finish the Originals By Motul (formerly known as the Malle Moto) category of the Dakar. She finished tenth out of 16 competitors in the category, and ended the rally 63rd overall.
In 2019, Anastasiya Nifontova became the first woman to finish the Originals by Motul (Malle Moto) class of the Dakar Rally
Maria Teresa de Filippis
The first woman to race in Formula 1, Maria Teresa de Filippis really is a pioneer when it comes to women in motorsport. Not only did she race at a time when it was quite unheard of for women to go motor racing, she also earned the respect of her fellow competitors by winning in varied racing series. Funnily enough, Maria's career in motorsport really only started out when her brothers made a bet with her that she would be too slow for motor racing. Turns out, accepting the bet was the best thing that ever happened to her, because she won her first ever race in a Fiat 500. Then there really was no looking back, only the occasional glance in her rear view mirror to ensure that a fellow competitor didn't creep up behind her to steal her spot on track. The 1954 season proved to be a turning point in de Filippis' career, when she finished runner up in the Italian sportscar championship. This was enough to get her noticed by the Maserati team, who recognised that she really was one to watch out for. Out came a contract, and a quick signature later, she had been signed on as a works driver for the team. She proved her worth to Maserati with podiums, including second place at the sportscar race run as a support race at the 1956 Naples Grand Prix, behind the wheel of a Maserati 200S.
Maria Teresa di Fillipis was the first woman to compete in Formula 1
So, was Maria Teresa de Filippis' transition to Formula 1 successful? Well, not really. When she first got a chance to attempt to qualify for an F1 race, she, well, didn't. At the 1958 Monaco Grand Prix, de Fillipis found herself at the helm of a Maserati 250F. She didn't make the cut, failing to qualify within the requisite time. In fact, half the drivers who took part in the qualifying session failed to make the grade, with Formula 1's big boss, Bernie Ecclestone being another prominent name that had to sit out the race. At the 1958 Belgian GP, all competitors were allowed to start the race, irrespective of qualifying times. de Filippis had qualified dead last, 44 seconds off Tony Brooks' pole position time. And she finished the race dead last as well, in 10th place, after nine of the other cars dropped out over the course of the many laps. It would prove to be her only F1 finish. In the subsequent two races in which she competed in the 1958 season, she would retire with car trouble. And after failing to qualify for the Monaco GP in the 1959 season, she turned her back on Formula 1. The death of Porsche racing team leader Jean Behra apparently shook her up so much that she quit motor racing for the next 20 years.
So why did Maria Teresa de Filippis make it to our list of women who made a difference to motorsport? Because she was a pioneer. At a time when women were seen donning sunbonnets and cheering men on from the sidelines, she managed to go motor racing properly. What's not to like about that!
Of the handful of women who actively competed in Formula 1, Lella Lombardi was the most successful. Her stint in Formula 1 wasn't restricted to the odd race here and there. She competed steadily between the 1974 and 1976 seasons, taking part in 17 grands prix, with 12 race starts to her name. Lombardi also is the only woman in the history of the sport to have a points-scoring finish. At the 1975 Spanish Grand Prix, Lombardi finished sixth. In ordinary circumstances, this would have earned her one point, but since the race was stopped before three-fourth of the usual race distance was completed, only half points were awarded. After a career in Formula 1 where she raced with decent enough results, she transitioned to sportscar racing. Her most successful season was 1979, when she finished first at the 6 Hours of Pergusa and the 6 Hours of Vallelunga. She even competed at the 24 Hours of Le Mans four times, finishing ninth in a Porsche Carrera in the 1976 edition of the race. For her significant achievement in Formula 1 (a woman hasn't since managed to qualify for an F1 race), she deserves a round of of applause. Her results in sportscar racing are also certainly worthy of praise.
Desire Wilson is widely acknowledged as one of the most successful woman in the history of motor racing. It's easy to see why, too. When she won at Brands Hatch in 1980 in the British Formula One Series, she became the only woman in the world to win in any manner of Formula 1 racing ever. Although it was a non-championship F1 race, the fact that Wilson won the race thanks to her skill behind the wheel counts for a lot. There's also the fact that Wilson is the only woman to hold a licence that allowed her to compete in CART Indycar events as well as an FIA Superlicence that allowed her to compete in Formula 1.
Desire Wilson is the only woman to have ever won any manner of Formula 1 race, with victory at the 1980 British Formula One Championship round at Brands Hatch
Victories at the Monza 1,000km and at the Silverstone 6 Hours World Championship race also add to her racing laurels. The reason that Wilson didn't have a successful career in the FIA Formula 1 world championship, which many thought she was destined for, was down to a pure bad luck. Inferior machinery during race weekends and freak accidents in other series meant that she didn't achieve her true potential in motorsport. However, what she did achieve was enough to make people view her with a great amount of respect.
Plenty more women are actively competing in single seater racing, now. Alice Powell became the first woman to win a Formula Renault championship, in 2010 when she won the Formula Renault BARC title. She followed that up with an Asian Renault Formula Series Championship title in 2014. Another prominent woman in racing right now, is Jamie Chadwick who won the 2018/2019 MRF Challenge Championship title. In fact, we were trackside at the season finale, and you can read all about Chadwick, and that historic championship title, right here. Flick Haigh became the first woman to outright win the British GT Championship in 2018.
In our books, Michele Mouton is easily the greatest woman driver in the history of motorsport. What she managed to do was not be one of the 'almost' women. She wasn't an also ran. Instead she was a serious competitor who made the world sit up and take notice. Although Mouton started out her career in motorsport as a co-driver, she soon made the switch to driver. And her performances proved that the move from calling out pacenotes, to shifting gears and flooring it, was the absolute right decision. In 1975, she won the 2.0-litre prototype class of the 24 Hours of Le Mans. In 1977, she finished second in the European Rally Championship.
A formidable name in the World Rally Championship, and a Pikes Peak winner and record holder - Michele Mouton
And then she made the switch to the World Rally Championship - finally a woman in the highest echelon of rallying, then! Consistent performances at the WRC meant that Audi was impressed enough with Mouton to sign her on to partner Hannu Mikkola in the 1981 season of rallying. In her first season with Audi, she won Rally Sanremo, once again confirming to the world that she really was a terrific driver. In the 1982 season, Mouton gave Walter Rohrl a run for his money and narrowly lost out on the WRC title. In 1985 she won the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb, setting a new record along the way. She then won the German Rally Championship in 1986, becoming the first woman to win a major rally championship. But when Group B rally cars were put to rest, Mouton hung up her rallying helmet. Of course, she still continues to be actively involved in motorsport, with an active role in the governing of the WRC today. But one of her best contributions is probably that she is one of the cofounders of the Race Of Champions. And we love the Race Of Champions.
It's impossible to have a list of women in motorsport and not have Jutta Kleinschmidt feature in it. Back in 1988, Kleinschmidt was just another competitor in the Dakar Rally. That particular year she was competing in the event on a motorcycle, something she continued to do till 1994. For the 1994 season, however, she made the switch to cars.
Jutta Kleinschmidt remains the only woman to have ever won the Dakar Rally
It was something that suited her, clearly. A couple of years of driving around in the dunes and she had improved her skill immensely, proving to be a force to reckon with. In fact, she became the first woman to win a stage in the Dakar in 1997. The following year she was the first woman to make it to the podium at the Dakar. And then, in 2001, Jutta Kleinschmidt, navigated by Andreas Schulz, became the first and only woman to win the dreaded Dakar Rally. Respect.
Engineering and team management:
She might not be a driver, but Leena Gade's role within motorsport is extremely critical. If she hadn't been Audi's race engineer at Le Mans, we suspect the trio of Treluyer, Lotterer and Fassler might not have three Le Mans wins to their name. Gade grew up in the United Kingdom in the eighties. It was a time when it was hard not to be interested in Formula 1, what with Ayrton Senna really captivating the entire world, and Nigel Mansell holding the attention of Britishers. But there was also an interest in taking things apart and putting them back together that Gade had from a rather young age. She got herself a degree in aerospace engineering and then began applying to F1 teams, although all she managed to get for her pains were rejection letters.
Leena Gade and drivers Benoit Treluyer, Andre Lotterer and Marcel Fassler with their trophy after winning the 24 Hours of Le Mans
But she worked her way up through the various rungs of Formula racing, until eventually in 2007, Audi gave her a chance. Since then there's been no looking back for Gade. Her car won Le Mans in 2011 and followed it up with victory at the race in 2012 as well. In 2014, they managed to take their third 24 Hours of Le Mans win, along with claiming the title in the World Endurance Championship. Gade eventually took over as the head of Bentley's motorsport activities for a while. She then made the switch to the SPM IndyCar outfit. However, despite trying hard to come to terms with the challenges of oval racing, the fact that her driver didn't qualify for the Indy500 meant that the team and her parted ways. That still doesn't take away from the fact that Gade is undoubtedly one of the most successful road racing engineers in the world.
Between 2012 and 2017, Monisha Kaltenborn was one of the most significant women in the Formula 1 paddock, heading the Sauber F1 team. The Dehradun-born lawyer worked her way up the ranks at the Sauber F1 team since 2010, when she took over as the CEO of the Swiss-based F1 operation. And when founder and team principal of Sauber, Peter Sauber retired from his role as team principal, Monisha assumed the mantle.
Former Sauber F1 team principal - Monisha Kaltenborn
This, of course, made her the first female team principal in Formula 1. While Kaltenborn hasn't been associated with the Sauber team since June 2017, she returned to motorsport in 2018 with the KDC Racing team, a joint venture that saw her partner French-Monegasque businesswoman Emily di Comberti. However, a few months after the team's launch, financial matters arose, as a result of which the team folded.
Currently, the most powerful woman in Formula 1 is probably Claire Williams, who is the deputy team principal of Rokit Williams Racing. A team that is struggling right now, but one that we are rooting for.
Indian women in motorsport:
Navaz Bhathena is very likely the quickest woman in all of India. Sure there might be women who have raced in the country in more recent times, but Navaz still comes to mind as one of the most skilled female racers that the country has produced. And as one of her more recent guest driver stints proved, her years away from actively rallying and racing haven't made her any slower. Back when she'd just managed to get her driver's licence, Navaz's brother decided she simply must race. So she did, winning her first event too. When she made her rally debut at the MASA rally in 1987, despite several mishaps, she was awarded the rookie of the rally trophy. And in the years that followed, she gave the boys tough competition. In fact she was so good that she even got a sponsored rally drive in a Mitsubishi Starion in Europe. She might have hung up her rallying shoes some years ago. But there's no denying her speed and ability in a racecar and rally car alike.
Aishwarya Pissay is currently competing in the FIM Bajas World Cup season opener in Dubai
There are other Indian women beginning to make a mark in motorsport, with Aishwarya Pissay off competing in the FIM Bajas World Cup right now, and Mira Erda hoping to make a mark in the world of single-seater racing.
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